GST : What is the impact of GST on the common man ?
Through this blog you shall become familiar about GST or Goods and Services Tax : Impact of GST on common man and What are the advantages and disadvantages of GST in India.How it will impact our lives,once GST is introduced ? How the common man will benefit from GST ?
GST Bill has been passed in the Rajya Sabha, further ratified by the requisite number of states.Even the President has given his assent to the GST Bill. So,the implementation of GST is nearing reality.
All the necessary steps are being taken for the effective implementation of GST or Goods and Services Tax from July 2017 in India.
GST has been a hot topic of discussion everywhere these days.So,you need to be aware of different aspects of GST.
Keep reading further, to have a deeper insight of the positive as well as the negative Impact of GST on common man.
Presently,there are around 160 countries that have implemented GST/VAT in some form or other. In some countries,VAT is the substitute for GST,but conceptually it is a destination based tax levied on consumption of goods and services.
- France was the first to introduce GST or Goods and Services tax.
- Presently,only Canada has a dual GST model (somewhat similar to the Dual GST Model that India is going to implement).
- The rate of GST normally ranges in between 15–20% .However,it may differ to a higher/lower side in some of the countries.
The rates of GST play a crucial role in its successful implementation.Various countries have been struggling to rationalize the rate structure.
India is all set to introduce GST or Goods and services tax after crossing the various hurdles in its way.
What is GST or Goods & Services tax and What is its Impact on the Common Man ?
GST or Goods and Services Tax as the name implies,it is an indirect tax applied both on goods and services at a uniform rate.This means goods and services will be subject to a uniform tax rate and both will be treated at par.A single form of tax known as GST or Goods and services tax will be applied throughout the country,replacing a number of other indirect taxes like VAT,Service tax,CST,CAD etc.
GST or Goods and Services Tax – A new law,a new tax will bring with it new challenges to face that need to be tackled with utmost care.
So,GST bill covers the Goods and Services Tax and shall be the biggest indirect tax reform providing a uniform and simplified way of Indirect taxation in India.Once introduced GST will replace a number of other indirect taxes like VAT,CST,Service tax,CAD,SAD, Excise,Entry tax,purchase tax etc.
So,a bundle of indirect taxes will get replaced by a new tax in India known as GST or Goods and Services Tax.Hence,leading to a much simplified tax regime as compared to the earlier complicated tax structure comprising of numerous taxes.
As and when a new reform or bill comes and a new law is imposed,it surely leaves its impact especially on the common man.It is ultimately the common man who is directly or indirectly affected by the implementation of any new tax.
And this time too there’s no exception, the common man has to get ready for the implications.The common man includes not only the final consumer of goods but all the small traders and service providers who shall be directly affected after the introduction of GST.
Here,we have tried to cover up the major points related to Impact of GST on the common man or the final consumer plus the overall impact of GST.
Simply stated,we have highlighted the main advantages and disadvantages of GST and how GST will affect the common man.
**Important note : On 3rd November,2016 a four tier GST rate structure has been passed, the final slab rates being agreed upon are 5%,12%,18% and 28%.
Final GST Slab rates are :
- Zero rated items : Foodgrains used by common people. ( A sigh of relief…hmmm…)
- 5% Rate : Items of mass consumption including essential commodities will have low tax incidence.
- 12% and 18 % Rate : Two standard rates have been finalised as 12% and 18%.
- 28% Rate : White goods like Air conditioners,washing machines,refrigerators,soaps and shampoos etc.that were taxed at 30-31% shall be now taxed at 28%.
Demerit goods like tobacco,tobacco products,pan masala,aerated drinks and luxury cars shall be charged at the highest rate of 28%.An additional cess on some luxury goods shall also be imposed.
Services that are now taxed at 15% shall be taxed at a higher rate of GST @ 18%. Various goods have been classified to fit into the above categories.
It is infact too early to predict the actual impact of GST on different sectors.
Positive Impact of GST on the Common man or Advantages of GST :
- A unified tax system removing a bundle of indirect taxes like VAT,CST,Service tax,CAD,SAD,Excise etc.
- A simplified tax policy as compared to earlier tax structure.However, its not as simple as it seems to be, Check disadvantages below to grab more details.
- GST or Goods & Services tax removes cascading effect of taxes i.e. removes tax on tax.
- Due to lower burden of taxes on the manufacturing sector,the manufacturing costs will be reduced,hence prices of consumer goods likely to come down.
- Due to reduced costs some products like cars,FMCG etc.will become cheaper.
- This will help in lowering the burden on the common man i.e.you will have to shed less money to buy the same products which were earlier costly.
- The low prices will further lead to an increase in the demand/consumption of goods.
- Increased demand will lead to increase supply.Hence,this will ultimately lead to rise in the production of goods.
- The increased production will lead to more job opportunities in the long run.But,this can happen only if consumers actually get cheaper goods.
- It will curb circulation of black money.This can happen only if the “kacha bill” system,normally followed by traders and shopkeepers is put to check.
- A unified tax regime will lead to less corruption which will indirectly affect the common man.
- Most importantly,experts hope to see a positive impact of GST on Indian economy in the long run.
But,this is possible only if the actual benefit of GST is passed on to the final consumers.There are various other factors also like the sellers profit margin that determine the final price of goods.GST alone does not determine the final price of goods.The anti-profiteering clause has been inserted in the GST Act to protect the interest of the consumers.
For a detailed analysis,here are some good books on GST or Goods and Services tax that might help you as a beginner in understanding GST in a simple manner. You can click on the images and get details on the GST books if required.
Negative Impact of GST on the Common man or Disadvantages of GST :
- Compliance burden : The number of GST returns that you need to file i.e. you have to file 3 monthly returns, this amounts to total of (3*12) 36 returns plus 1 annual return.Filing 37 returns in a year…Moreover, this applies to one state, if you have a place of business in different states, you need to register in each state separately and file the respective returns.
Although big businesses having ample staff can handle the whole process very easily.But, what about small traders/service providers or individuals who have just started their business or service, isn’t that getting a bit complex for them ? A small exemption in this regard could have been a big sigh of relief for such people!
Recently, the GST rules have been a bit relaxed to reduce the compliance burden of small buisnesses. Now, businesses with a turnover of upto 1.5 crore a year can file their GST returns quarterly instead of monthly returns.
- Service tax rate @ 15% is presently charged on the services. So,if GST is introduced at a higher rate which is likely to be seen in the near future,the cost of services will rise. GST shall be charged @18% on maximum services and shall reach upto 28% for few services. In simple words,all the services like telecom, banking, airline etc. will become more expensive.
- Increased cost of services means, an add on to your monthly expenses.
- You will have to reschedule your budgets to bear the additional services cost.
- Businessmen and service providers are still learning about the new laws. This will increase reliance on tax experts and professionals and further add to your business expenses.
- Being a new tax, it will take some time for the people to understand it completely.Its actual implications can be seen after a certain period of time.
- It is easier said than done.There are always some complications attached. It is a consumption based tax,so in case of services the place where service is provided needs to be determined.
- Proper invoicing and accounting needs to be done to ensure better compliance.However, GST Accounting Software are being developed in this regard by various companies.
- If actual benefit is not passed to the consumer and the seller increases his profit margin,the prices of goods can also see a rising trend.
- An increase in inflation might be seen initially that may come down gradually.
- A strict check on profiteering activities will have to be done, so that the final consumer can enjoy the real benefits of GST.
- Although,a large number of officers are being trained and a systematic IT software is being developed for the successful implementation of GST. But,it will take some time for the people including the manufacturers,the wholesalers,the retailers or the final consumers to understand the whole process and apply it correctly.
GST training and Courses are being provided by the Government,various institutions and companies to educate the people all around.
However,GST or Goods and Services tax is a long term strategy planned by the Government and its positive impact shall be seen in the long run only.The rates of GST and how effectively GST is introduced in all the States and at the Centre also plays a crucial role in deciding the actual impact of GST on the common man.
A well designed GST Policy can bring a qualitative change in the tax system of India.
A massive IT Software has been developed for the successful implementation of GST to bring things online.Revenue officials are also being trained for turning GST into a reality.But,the actual performance and results can be visualised once GST is implemented.
Talking about the different sectors,some might gain,some might lose.But,ultimately we will have to get used to this new tax, that is going to be a landmark reform having a great impact on India and its taxation system.
Also read : 10 Best Credit Cards in India : Review !
Have a look at the Infographic below, that will give you an overview of GST or Goods and Services tax :
Let us hope GST or Goods and services tax leaves a positive impact and helps to boost up the Indian economy and convert India into a unified national market with simplified tax regime.
A rising Indian economy will anyways help in the financial growth of the common man !
Let us hope this “One nation,one tax” proves to be a game changer in a positive way and proves to be beneficial not only to the common man but to the country as a whole.
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What are your views regarding GST and its impact on the common man ? Do you feel it will help the common man ? Will it lower the tax burden ? How positively it will impact the life of a common man ? Feel free to give your opinion on the same to help our readers learn more about GST ! And yes, don’t forget to share it with your family and friends, after all GST is the latest topic that everyone wants to know about.
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